Fast Nearest Neighbor Search with Keywords
Conventional spatial queries, such as range search and nearest neighbor retrieval, involve only conditions on objectsÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ geometric properties. Today, many modern applications call for novel forms of queries that aim to find objects satisfying both a spatial predicate, and a predicate on their associated texts. For example, instead of considering all the restaurants, a nearest neighbor query would instead ask for the restaurant that is the closest among those whose menus contain ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œsteak, spaghetti, brandyÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â all at the same time. Currently, the best solution to such queries is based on the IR2-tree, which, as shown in this paper, has a few deficiencies that seriously impact its efficiency. Motivated by this, we develop a new access method called the spatial inverted index that extends the conventional inverted index to cope with multidimensional data, and comes with algorithms that can answer nearest neighbor queries with keywords in real time. As verified by experiments, the proposed techniques outperform the IR2-tree in query response time significantly, often by a factor of orders of magnitude.