Distributed Resource Management for Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks With Cooperative Relays

Distributed Resource Management for Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks With Cooperative Relays

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It is well known that the data transport capacity of a wireless network can be increased by leveraging the spatial and frequency diversity of the wireless transmission medium. This has motivated the recent surge of research in cooperative and dynamic-spectrum-access (which we also refer to as cognitive spectrum access) networks. Still, as of today, a key open research challenge is to design distributed control strategies to dynamically jointly assign: 1) portions of the spectrum and 2) cooperative relays to different traffic sessions to maximize the resulting network-wide data rate. In this paper, we make a significant contribution in this direction. First, we mathematically formulate the problem of joint spectrum management and relay selection for a set of sessions concurrently utilizing an interference-limited infrastructure-less wireless network. We then study distributed solutions to this (nonlinear and nonconvex) problem. The overall problem is separated into two subproblems: 1) spectrum management through power allocation with given relay selection strategy; and 2) relay selection for a given spectral profile. Distributed solutions for each of the two subproblems are proposed, which are then analyzed based on notions from variational inequality (VI) theory.

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